An Origin in Military Service
The United States Navy established the world’s first tissue bank in 1947. Outside of the military, however, storage of human tissue was not common, tissues for transplantation were scarce, and the lack of professional standards and government control meant that the effectiveness of allografts were uncertain. It soon became evident to Dr. Theodore I. Malinin, a graduate of the U.S. Naval Medical Center, that there was a need for a civilian tissue bank.